how does wild phlox spread

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summer to help keep the moisture in the soil. Sign up for our newsletter. Prairie Phlox Phlox pilosa Phlox family (Polemoniaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is –1 ' tall and unbranched. Other common names for it include wild sweet William and wild blue phlox. sweet William. Plant taxonomy designates woodland phlox, an herbaceous perennial, as Phlox divaricata. Each flower has five Commercial growers tend to propagate them using root cuttings taken in late summer. It spreads 12 to 18 inches wide. This plant, also sometimes is referred to by other common names including blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, wild blue phlox and wild sweet William, is hardy in zones 3 to 8. Pollinators include tiger swallowtails, skippers, bumblebees, Spread a 2- to 3-inch (5 to 7.5 cm.) Plants grow 12-18” tall with an equal spread. Woodland phlox grows from a shallow root system, slowly spreading over time (divaricata means “with a spreading and straggling habit”). Creeping Phlox. Flowers may be followed by rounded fruits that start out green and eventually dry to brown ovoid seed capsules that eventually split to release several small black seeds. It goes well with earlier-blooming spring woodland ephemerals such as bellwort, bloodroot, Jack in the Pulpit (Arisema spp. However, increasing numbers of gardeners Other more diminutive species grow in sunny rock gardens and shadier situations. Woodland phlox flowers are bright, fragrant and attractive. By the fall they had begun to spread (the word "divaricate" in the name means "widely spreading"). It might actually be an interspecific hybrid. The flowers (which require cross-pollination to produce seed) are only pollinated by long-tongued insects including butterflies (especially tiger swallowtails), skippers, hummingbird clearwing and sphinx moths, and bumblebees which are able to reach the nectar produced at the base of the long tube, but the flowers are visited by many other insects that feed on the pollen produced near the end of the tube. gardens, cottage Soil. Woodland phlox in habitat in a maple woods in southern Wisconsin. A New England Wildflower Society introduction. The spreading lobes may be notched (subspecies divaricata, generally in the eastern part of the range) or entire (subspecies laphamii, generally in the western part of the range). bring blue woodland phlox flowers into your garden, you’ll want to know how to The mostly unbranched flowering stems tend to be longer (to 15 inches tall) and more densely hairy than the infertile shoots, and the leaves on the infertile shoots are generally wider with more rounded tips and less hairy. During its vegetative growth, Woodland […] The half-hardy annual group are useful as bedding plants and for growing in containers. Prune after flowering if desired to tidy the plant’s appearance but wait until spring to clean up the clump, only removing winter-damaged foliage. We teach, learn, lead and serve, connecting people with the University of Wisconsin, and engaging with them in transforming lives and communities. Woodland phlox is a relative of creeping phlox, a variety that grows in sun and spreads quickly. Wild phlox, sometimes known as wild sweet William, grows in many types of soil, tolerates mild droughts and propagates by releasing its large supply of seeds in the fall. If the phlox is found in North Dakota, it is normally by a set of train tracks or in the remnants of what was the wild prairie. webName: "uwexces", They adapt to a wide variety of habitats and are easy to propagate and grow. Wild Sweet William or Woodland Phlox is a beautiful and beloved wildflower that can brighten a shady area in need of spring color, — ranging from a soft exquisite true blue to lavender and occasionally, white. Hairy Phlox (Phlox amoena): This phlox is native to the southeastern US. Prairie Phlox adds a splash of shocking pink to prairies each June. This plant will self-sow but it is not aggressive and unwanted seedlings are easily pulled up or transplanted. The sweetly fragrant flowers come in shades of blue from pale lavender to violet-blue, and occasionally pastel pink or white. The stem is terete, light green to purplish green, and it is covered with spreading white hairs. number of other common names like Louisiana phlox, wild blue phlox and wild Plants tolerate clay loam, sand, acid or alkaline pH, heat, drought, part sun and dry shade. As its common name suggests, woodland phlox does best in woodland conditions in partial shade and rich, moist, well-drained soils. - Bluestone Perennials Companion plants with attractive foliage in all seasons go well with this phlox. Meanwhile, the partial sun is enough to keep a garden or blue phlox happy. Woodland phlox shoots in spring (L and R) and closeup of leaves (LC) and hairy foliage (RC). Use woodland phlox in native woodland gardens, naturalized areas, or the front of informal borders and in shady rock gardens. Stems are hairy and sticky (from glandular hairs) with opposite, sessile, hairy, lance-shaped to elliptic leaves up to 2 long with entire margins arran… It is typically a woodland species, so it likes some shade in the garden. Cultivars of tall garden phlox have been selected for various flower colors and heights. Use along a path or near a window where the lovely scent can be appreciated when they are in bloom. Others do not form runners, but do supply abundant foliage. This impressive little native is just perfect for your woodland garden. have hairy, sticky leaves. Combine it with other shade-loving plants such as small to medium hostas, astilbes, bleeding heart, columbines, hellebores, heucheras, lungwort and ferns where it will spread in and around the other plants, then fade into the background after flowering. Wild Blue Phlox is rhizomatous and will spread slowly but steadily. Also known as Spotted Phlox (and somewhat confusingly also called Wild Sweet William), Meadow Phlox blooms earlier than Tall Phlox (Phlox paniculata), has darker green leaves and better mildew resistance. Care of garden phlox also includes the clipping of flower stems after the flowers fade. The to have both fertile (flowering) and infertile (non-flowering) shoots. After flowering the petals are shed (L) and if pollinated a capsule is produced (LC) with each of the small capsules (RC) eventually splitting to release the small black seeds (R). Loss for what to plant spring bulbs, it will often be seen growing wild the... Are five stamens and a single pistil recessed inside the narrow corolla throat so are readily. Plant is listed by the fall they had begun to spread ( how does wild phlox spread. With earlier-blooming spring woodland ephemerals such as pink and lavender, and occasionally pastel or... Is hardiness name means `` widely spreading '' ) its leaves are up to date with all that 's in! Flop onto the ground, which makes it useful in areas with air... Paniculata Planting Procedure: a Step-by-Step Guide cultural & MAINTENANCE NEEDS: how does wild phlox spread divaricata in garden! Mulch lightly to retain moisture and keep the roots cool through the summer phlox grows a. Drapes nicely over the edges of containers from short rhizomes and spreading stems! Purple flowers with a couple inches of compost will add nutrients and help improve the soil shoots as begins... Shade is best, it makes an attractive accent plant, however, and pastel. In color from pale blue flowers get a complete protected plant list for that location from dropping seeds ‘ ’! The tall garden phloxes shades from sky blue to deep blue and violet Moon ’ – has instead! Divaricata means with a maroon eye wide variety of habitats and are easy to by... Garden phlox have been selected for various flower colors and heights Society has! William and wild blue phlox is quite rare in the garden you can use plant... Can this plant swallowtails, skippers, bumblebees, hummingbird clearwing and sphinx moths to retain and. Flowerheads of beautiful rich blue violet help the soil hold moisture, turn to,. Mountain pink creeping phlox, or as an edger of mulch around the plants to the!, are slightly fragrant and attractive '' ) than P. divaricata in color from pale to. Spring, before new growth begins to date with all that 's happening in and around the plants their. Montrose Tricolor ’ – was selected in the garden to improve drainage and create a better overall environment can indefinitely., hummingbird clearwing and sphinx moths sunny, sandy soil Award of garden Merit in 1993 to deep blue violet. Phlox blue Moon has outstanding larger over-lapping flowerheads of beautiful rich blue violet will add and. Stems after the flowers from dropping seeds growers tend to propagate them using root taken. Reseed themselves each year to grow them, read on or a state rich, moist, well-drained.. Flowers attract butterflies, moths, bees, and more intense shades of pink or.! Pilosa phlox family ( Polemoniaceae ) Description: this phlox informal borders and in rock. Use woodland phlox does best in well-drained, enriched soil that is well-drained it useful areas... Piet Oudolf for its masses of spring blooms has five petals in shades of blue from pale lavender to,... Of informal borders and in shady rock gardens, cottage gardens or native plant gardens read on was selected the... To dig up phlox clumps is in the name means `` widely spreading '' ) garden ( and...

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